Mummies in North America
Search | About | Help

About

The Egyptian Mummies in North America (EMINA) is a companion searchable database of information used to write SJ Wolfe's Mummies in Nineteenth Century America published in 2009.

Mummy Database

This is an historical database, which attempts to list every Egyptian mummy or mummy part, which has been documented as ever having been brought into the United States or Canada. Thus it contains references to mummies which may no longer exist as well as references which may or may not be spurious, questionable or inaccurate. Every effort has been taken to annotate those mummies which are still extant and those which are known to no longer exist.

The database was constructed by taking each mummy reference found and assigning it a code based on its location. A mummy could possibly have been bought or sold; the owning institution could have changed names; the mummy could have been loaned to another insitution, etc. Each time a mummy or part changes its location, a new, a new number was assigned. These numbers were then linked to a unique number for each mummy or part so that the "travels" of an entity can be traced.

The database currently charts the following access points on each mummy. Not all access points are yet available for each mummy although information may be available in the database.

POSSIBLE SEARCHES FOR EACH MUMMY: NOT ALL INFORMATION IS YET AVAILABLE ON EVERY MUMMY AND ALL SEARCHES ARE NOT YET AVAILABLE

MummyID unique number assigned to each mummy or part
Extant Yes/No/Unknown
Sex M (male)/F (female)/U (unknown)
Child Yes/No Child is defined as anyone under the age of twenty-one
Name Variant forms of name are included
Origin The place in Egypt where the mummy or mummy part was discovered
Entry The earliest possible date on which the mummy entered North America
Earliest Dynasty earliest of a range of dynasties during which this mummy was created
Latest Dynastylatest of a range of dynasties during which this mummy was created
Notes Any additonal information
MinAge The minimum estimated age of the mummy at death
MaxAge The maximum estimated age of the mummy at death
BrokenBone free text description of any broken bones observed in the mummy
Prosthetics free text description of any prosthetics found in the mummy
Death Cause of death if known
DeathNote Any additional information regarding the mummy's cause of death.
Wrappings Notes on the mummy's wrappings
Cartonnage Notes on any cartonnage present
Jewelry Notes on any jewelry present
Amulets Notes on any amulets present
Papyrus Notes on any papyrus present
Beads Notes on any bead nets or bead masks present
Gilding Notes on any gilding present
OrigCoffin Notes on the coffin if the mummy is in its original coffin
CurrCoffin Notes on the coffin the mummy is currently in if it's not the mummy's original coffin
CoffinName The name of the individual for whom the coffin was intended
Owner Searches both Institution, proprietor and personal names of any entity which is recorded as having owned one of the mummies in this database
City The city in which the institution is located
State The state or province in which the institution is located
Proprietor The name of an individual owner of the institution
Parts used if the mummy is not entire
Agent The name of a person or persons who actively engaged in acquiring the mummy or mummy part.
TransFrom the immediate prior owner (information comes up in search)
TransferredFrom date The date on which the ownership event recorded in this entry began (information comes up in search)
TransFromNote Memo Any additional information considered important about the acquisition of this mummy by this owner (information comes up in search)
TransTo the immediate subsequent owner (information comes up in search)
TransferredToDate The date on which the mummy was transferred to the subsequent owner (information comes up in search)
TransToNote Any additional information considered important about the disposition of this mummy by this owner (information comes up in search)
Known exhibitions of a mummy during the nineteenth century will also be searchable
ExhibitionCity The city in which the exhibition took place
ExhibitionState The state or province in which the exhibition took place
ExhibitionBuilding The venue in which the exhibition took place
StartMo The month of the opening of the exhibition
StartDay The day of the opening of the exhibition
StartYear The year of the opening of the exhibition
EndMo The month of the closing of the exhibition
EndDay The day of the closing of the exhibition
EndYear The year of the closing of the exhibition
Other access points which can be noted and searched for specific mummies
JobTitle An occupation held by the mummy
JobPlace The location where the mummy was employed
GodServed The name of the god in whose service the mummy was employed
Dieases Illnesses from which the mummy suffered
CONSERVATION INFORMATION IS VERY LIMITED TO BASIC FIELDS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CHECK WITH OWNING INSTITUTION.
StartYr The year in which the conservation event began
StartMo The month in which the conservation event began
StartDay The day on which the conservation event began
EndYr The year in which the conservation event ended
EndMo The month in which the conservation event began
EndDay The day on which the conservation event began
ConsPlace The institution at which the conservation activity took place
Conservator The name of the conservator
Damage Source The cause of damage to the mummy
Remove Specific contaminants removed from the mummy
Stabilization Use of materials to prevent further damage to mummy or wrappings without other conservation
Rewrap Listing of parts of the mummy rewrapped as part of conservation
Rearticulate Listing of parts of the mummy rearticulated as part of conservation
CreateSupport Use of exterior or interior structural materials to support the mummy
Rehouse Yes/No Has the mummy been moved into new casing for conservation
XRay Yes/No Has the mummy undergone X-rays
CTScan Yes/No Has the mummy undergone CT scanning
MRI Yes/No Has the mummy undergone MRI
Endoscopy Yes/No Has the mummy undergone and endoscopy
TissueSamples Yes/No Has the mummy had tissue samples removed
DNATest Yes/No Has the mummy undergone DNA testing
Carbon14 Yes/No Has the mummy been dated using Carbon14
GasFumigation Yes/No Has the mummy undergone gas fumigation for conservation
WetSterilization Yes/No Has the mummy undergone wet sterilization for conservation
ControlledDrying Yes/No Has the mummy undergone controlled drying for conservation
FreezeDrying Yes/No Has the mummy undergone freeze drying for conservation
Radiation Yes/No Has the mummy undergone radiation for conservation
CleanAirCycle Yes/No Is the mummy in a clean air cycle environment
InertGas Yes/No Is the mummy in an inert gas environment
OtherTreatment A listing of other specific treatments performed
ReconPlace The location where the forensic reconstruction was made
ReconFormat The type of forensic reconstruction made
Artist The name of the artist
Please contact SJ Wolfe with your questions, additions, or comments. Her email address is eminadb@gmail.com

Last updated April 17, 2014